Last January 2018, the new law on energy communities 4513/18′ was voted in the Greek Parliament: it defined the role of citizens in the energy sector, giving particular emphasis on the promotion of a solidarity economy and on fighting energy poverty. Its wide scope on energy communities includes production, distribution and supply of energy as well as special clauses that promote energy self-sufficiency and security in island municipalities. It has an eye for the future too, as it includes new and innovative technologies such asstorage, electric vehicles charging services, self-consumption and energy efficiency end use at local and regional level.
Electra energy is very active on promoting community energy and enabling local communities and citizens to produce and save energy.
Our policy making and research activities are related to: Operational sustainability of Energy Communities | Mapping of community energy projects | Greek and EU community energy legal framework | Community energy marketing and business development | Social acceptance of community energy projects | Financial innovation | Networking | Community energy and IoT.
Crowdfunding for sustainable energy projects is the natural extension of the cooperative idea to even larger communities. With the help of the internet, crowdfunding can draw support from people across entire countries and increasingly internationally.
Both cooperatives and crowdfunding take advantage of support from individual members of the public, or the crowd, to get projects up and running, and at the same time they generate a return of investment for the investor. We offer consultancy anc solutions related to: blockchain for community energy, crowdinvesting platforms, ESCO citizens based projects and private – public – partnerships
Net Metering is self-consumption using solar. It consists of consuming the electricity produced by your own solar panels during the day, and trading the excess generated into the grid during the night or winter period. With the current prices of solar in Greece and the existing legal framework, in less than 7 years it can pay off an investment
Virtual Net Metering is a perfect solution for households and business as well as energy communities with different stakeholders. It consists of net metering remotely so it allows citizens to benefit from solar net metering without depending on a roof space.
Net – metering is a billing mechanism that credits solar energy system owners for the electricity they add to the grid. For example, if a residential customer has a PV system on the home’s rooftop, it may generate more electricity than the home uses during daylight hours:
Unlike photovoltaics with tariff (feed-in tariff), the net metering systems offsetting the produced and consumed power is energy (in kWh) and not “Accounting” (in €).
The main concept of the institutional framework is that the grid is used as a storing network for the surplus of electricity produced. In Greece, the clearance of the excess of energy produced is done every three years.
Net metering has innumerable advantages and offers immediate amortization to the person concerned while protecting the environment without burdening the state budget.
Since May 2015, hundreds of photovoltaic systems have been installed with net metering.
Virtual net – metering (VNM) is a bill-crediting system for community solar energy. It refers to when solar energy is not used on-site but is instead externally installed and shared among subscribers. In this case, you receive credits on your electric bill for excess energy produced by your share of a solar garden.
The final Ministerial Decision, signed on 8 May of 2017, enables farmers, municipalities and public utilities to install photovoltaic systems with the Virtual Net Metering system.
The main advantage is that while allowing self-production, the photovoltaic system can be located in a different location than where the consumption (PPC meter) occurs. For example, a household in Athens centre can host a solar kit at a second house in the country side, benefitting from the savings without the need of owning a rooftop in the city centre.
Virtual power sharing provisions in the law can be a game-changer for Greece: as around 60% of all Greeks live in multi-appartment buildings. The lack of available rooftop space for solar installations is an even greater physical barrier than the credit crunch itself.
With the establishment of an energy community, thousands of households and businesses have now access to their own clean energy to match their consumption. The law allows for virtual power sharing investments in available spaces that might be physically elsewhere from the actual point of consumption: another rooftop, or some available land within the same prefecture. Households, businesses, farmers, and local governments can now create their own community solar parks, up to 1 MWp, and offset their electricity bills through virtual net-metering. And they would still pay charges for their fair use of the grid.
By Greenpeace Greece and Rescoop.eu
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